If you’re wondering what is Alzheimer’s Disease, it’s important to understand the causes and symptoms of this devastating disease. You’ll also learn how to prevent it and treat it if it does occur.
That cause alzheimer
Alzheimer’s disease is a devastating neurological condition characterized by a loss of memory, social skills and ability to complete day-to-day tasks. The number of cases is projected to reach 70 million by 2030. Without an effective cure, one in two people over the age of 85 will develop the disease. Thankfully, there are plenty of things you can do to decrease your chances of contracting the disease.
A recent study revealed that one gene may play a big role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene codes for a cholesterol transport protein. It has been shown that those who carry the e2 variant have a lower risk of developing the disease. In addition, women are more likely to develop the disease than men.
There is also a growing body of evidence that suggests that inflammation plays a role in the development of the disease. Interestingly, Alzheimer’s patients have high levels of brain inflammation, which is believed to be part of the immune system’s response to damage. However, the connection between inflammation and the disease remains a matter of debate.
Other things that contribute to the disease are genetics and lifestyle. Those who engage in mentally and socially stimulating activities are more likely to have a better chance of avoiding dementia. Meanwhile, a lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle may be associated with the disease.
Aside from lifestyle modifications, you should also keep your eyes peeled for newer Alzheimer’s treatments. Some studies have shown that steroid-based therapies can be effective for autoimmune diseases, such as Alzheimer’s. Ultimately, it is up to you to decide which treatment options work for you.
As with any health related issue, the best approach is to take a proactive stance. That means eating well, exercising, limiting alcohol consumption and minimizing stress. Also, it might be worthwhile to look into preventive measures such as a dementia-focused social network. Finally, it’s best to talk to your doctor about your family history. Often, a close relative will have already exhibited the signs of the disease, and you don’t want to be that person.
Signs of alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic and progressive condition that causes a person’s memory, reasoning, and daily function to deteriorate. This is a serious illness that has no known cure. It is important to recognize early warning signs so that a person can get the care they need.
Early warning signs can include changes in mood and behavior. For instance, a person may become anxious or lose track of time. They might also be suspicious of others, or withdraw from social and familiar activities.
Other early warning signs include difficulty following a recipe or losing track of dates and seasons. If you or a loved one suspects that someone has Alzheimer’s, you should talk with your doctor about further testing and treatment options.
People with Alzheimer’s disease often show poor judgment with money, and they often misplace things. They might also experience confusion about time, place, and how to get home.
Many of the early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can be mistaken for normal aging or other diseases. You might be tempted to ignore them, but they should be reported to your doctor. Getting an early diagnosis can help you and your family plan for the future. Your doctor can also help you address legal and financial issues.
While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, you can slow its progress. Maintaining a healthy diet and exercising can help. Taking medications can also help slow down the disease. There are also clinical trials and treatments available. A free, illustrated brochure is available from the Alzheimer Society office in your community.
While you are waiting for an Alzheimer’s test, you can continue to make your regular checkups with your primary care physician. He or she can screen you for other health conditions that may affect your cognitive abilities, and can recommend resources within your community.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can be frightening. Some people may even become dependent on others for care. As a result, they may lose confidence in themselves and have trouble keeping up with their hobbies.
Ultimately, Alzheimer’s can be life-changing. Your doctor can offer resources, as well as information on how you can maintain your physical and emotional well-being.
Treatment for alzheimer’s disease
The most common type of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive dementing disorder that affects parts of the brain that control memory and thought. It can cause changes in mood and personality.
While there is no cure for the condition, treatment options exist to slow its progression. Some medicines are approved by the FDA for treating Alzheimer’s.
These treatments are cholinesterase inhibitors, which are drugs that inhibit the breakdown of acetylcholine. This chemical messenger is necessary for the proper functioning of nerve cells. When the levels of acetylcholine are decreased, memory problems arise.
There are also anti-psychotic medications, which help patients cope with hallucinations and paranoia. They may also help ease aggressive behaviors.
In addition, there are some medications that are used to treat the behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer’s, including antidepressants. However, there is no evidence that these drugs change the course of the disease.
If your loved one is showing symptoms of Alzheimer’s, you can ask your doctor about possible treatments. You can also contact an affiliate of the Alzheimer’s Association.
Until there are medications specifically approved by the FDA for Alzheimer’s, treatment options include cholinesterase inhibitors, which have been shown to reduce the behavioral symptoms of the disease. However, they may also cause diarrhea, sleep disturbances, and loss of appetite.
Another type of medication, a monoclonal antibody, is aimed at removing amyloid proteins that are formed in the brain. These proteins form tangles, and they interfere with the brain’s normal functions.
Researchers are working on a new method for stopping the disease before it begins. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan can be used to diagnose Alzheimer’s and rule out other causes of the symptoms.
The early stages of Alzheimer’s are typically characterized by mild memory loss and a decrease in ability to carry on conversation. Other symptoms may include confusion, paranoia, or changes in mood.
If you think your loved one has Alzheimer’s, a neurologic exam and family history can help you make a diagnosis. Early intervention can be crucial in developing the appropriate care plan. For more information, contact an Alzheimer’s Association affiliate or visit an Alzheimer’s Association website.
How to prevent alzheimer’s disease
If you are concerned about your risk of Alzheimer’s Disease, there are several steps you can take. These include staying active, eating a healthy diet, and engaging in social activities. This will not only help keep your brain functioning, but it may also reduce your chances of getting other forms of dementia.
Research has shown that individuals who don’t get enough sleep are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s. Getting seven hours of sleep a night will decrease your risk of the disease by up to 60%.
Another way to improve your health is to avoid smoking. Those who smoke have an 80 percent higher risk of developing the disease. Also, if you have high cholesterol or a heart condition, you should see your doctor. Medications can be prescribed to help you quit smoking.
Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce your risk of developing the disease by up to 60 percent. Additionally, avoiding alcohol and maintaining a balanced diet can also help you keep your brain healthy.
Avoiding stressful lifestyle habits can also help reduce your risk. For example, avoid spending too much time alone, and avoid stress by learning new things. Spending time with your family and friends is also beneficial. Practicing meditation can decrease your stress levels.
Regular exercise can help you improve your cardiovascular health. It can also increase blood flow to your brain, which helps it receive the nutrients it needs to function properly.
Exercise also decreases your risk of having cognitive decline. Learning new things can increase blood flow to the parts of your brain responsible for memory. And it can reduce stress, which may also prevent you from experiencing memory loss.
Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease, so you want to do everything you can to slow down its progression. Treatment can reduce your symptoms, but there is no cure.
To avoid Alzheimer’s, try to avoid smoking, and if you already smoke, you should start quitting. You should also try to keep your cholesterol and blood pressure levels under control.
Staying active and healthy can also help you avoid the disease. Try to engage in a variety of activities, such as exercise and yoga, to stay mentally and physically fit.